Eating a healthy, balanced diet is very important if you have diabetes. However, you don't need to avoid certain food groups altogether.
You can have a varied diet and enjoy a wide range of foods as long as you eat regularly and make healthy choices.
You can make adaptations when cooking meals, such as reducing the amount of fat, salt and sugar you eat, and increasing the amount of fibre.
You don't need to completely exclude sugary and high-fat foods from your diet, but they should be limited.
The important thing in managing diabetes through your diet is to eat regularly and include starchy carbohydrates, such as pasta, as well as plenty of fruit and vegetables.
If your diet is well balanced, you should be able to achieve a good level of health and maintain a healthy weight.
Read more about healthy recipes. Diabetes UK has more dietary advice and cooking tips.
As physical activity lowers your blood glucose level, it's very important to exercise regularly if you have diabetes.
Like anyone else, you should aim to do at least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, such as cycling or fast walking, every week.
However, before starting a new activity, speak to your GP or diabetes care team first.
Exercise will affect your blood glucose level, so your care team may have to adjust your insulin treatment or diet to keep your blood glucose level steady.
If you have diabetes, your risk of developing a cardiovascular disease, such as a heart attack or stroke, is increased.
As well as increasing this risk further, smoking also increases your risk of many other serious smoking-related conditions, such as lung cancer.
If you want to give up smoking, your GP can provide you with advice, support and treatment to help you quit.
If you have diabetes and decide to drink alcohol, avoid drinking more than the recommended daily amounts, and never drink alcohol on an empty stomach.
Depending on the amount you drink, alcohol can cause either high or low blood glucose levels (hyperglycaemia or hypoglycaemia).
Drinking alcohol may also affect your ability to carry out insulin treatment or blood glucose monitoring, so always be careful not to drink too much.
Men and women are advised not to regularly drink more than 14 units a week.
People with long-term conditions are encouraged to get a flu jab each autumn to protect against flu (influenza).
A pneumoccocal vaccination, which protects against a serious chest infection called pneumococcal pneumonia, is also recommended.
Look after your feet
If you have diabetes, you're at greater risk of developing problems with your feet, including foot ulcers and infections from minor cuts and grazes.
This is because diabetes is associated with poor blood circulation in the feet, and blood glucose can damage the nerves.
To prevent problems with your feet, keep your nails short and wash your feet daily using warm water.
Wear shoes that fit properly, and see foot care specialists (a podiatrist or chiropodist) regularly so any problems can be detected early.
Regularly check your feet for cuts, blisters or grazes as you may not be able to feel them if the nerves in your feet are damaged.
See your GP if you have a minor foot injury that doesn't start to heal within a few days.
Read more about feet and diabetes.
Regular eye tests
If you have type 1 diabetes, you should be invited to have your eyes screened once a year to check for diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetic retinopathy is an eye condition where the small blood vessels in your eye become damaged.
It can occur if your blood glucose level is too high for a long period of time (hyperglycaemia). Left untreated, retinopathy can eventually lead to sight loss.
Read more about diabetic eye screening.
People with diabetes should also see their optician every two years for a regular eye test. Diabetic eye screening is specifically for diabetic retinopathy and can't be relied upon for other conditions.
Financial support and benefits
People with diabetes controlled by medication are entitled to free prescriptions and eye examinations.
Some people with diabetes may also be eligible for disability and incapacity benefits, depending on the impact the condition has on their lives.
The main groups likely to qualify for welfare benefits are children, the elderly, and those with learning disabilities, mental health difficulties or diabetes complications.
People over the age of 65 who are severely disabled may qualify for a type of disability benefit called Attendance Allowance.
Carers may also be entitled to some benefits, depending on their involvement in caring for the person with diabetes.
Your local Citizens Advice can check whether you're getting all the benefits you're entitled to. Your diabetes specialist nurse and Citizens Advice can also provide advice about filling in the forms.
Read more about care and support and benefits.